The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Standardville

Standardville, model coal camp of Carbon County, is located in Spring Canyon, five miles northwest of Helper. Its early history dates back to 1912 when Mr. F. A. Sweet, prominent Utah coal man and railroad builder opened up a rich seam of coal on the mountain side about a quarter of a mile north of the present camp site. In 1914 about two hundred tons of coal were mined daily. This output increased to 1000 tons the following year. During the present year (1932) more than 2,000 tons daily went over the modern steel tipple which was erected in 1929.

As the coal tonnage increased, more men were employed and additional houses required. Although the housing problem presented many difficulties, wise planning on the part of the mine officials, made Standardville one of the most modern camps in Utah. It became a pattern for other coal camps and thus received its name, Standardville. Today it has steam heated apartments, a hospital, a general merchandise store, butcher shop, post office, barber shop, recreation hall, tennis courts, and modern dwellings.

The population of Standardville, like all coal camps, fluctuates with the demand for coal, increasing during the fall and winter months when coal production is greatest. Approximately 545 people live in the camp. The school census lists over 200 pupils. A public school, where grades one to six are taught, is centrally located. Four teachers are employed to teach the pupils who attend the school. The 7th, 8th and 9th grade students attend the junior high school at Latuda, a camp one mile northwest of Standardville. High school students are transported by bus to the Carbon High School, at Price, twelve miles distant.

Standardville is connected by railroad and good highways with all Carbon County towns. An asphalt road connects the camp with Helper. Both the Utah Coal Route and the D. & R. G. W. Railroads transport coal to the market. A stage line gives daily service between this camp and Helper. Standardville's future will depend upon the future of the coal industry of Utah. Its location, fine quality of coal mined and the splendid type of people who make the camp their home, assure a bright outlook.

As all coal mining communities, Standardville, has a few foreigners. Japanese, Greeks, Italians, Mexicans, Finns and Austrians are the principal foreign nationalities represented. These people readily adapt American manners, customs and habits.


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The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Sunnyside / Verdi

Sunnyside is located in the eastern part of the Book Cliff mountains at the mouth of Whitmore Canyon, twenty-eight miles southeast of Price. The elevation is 9,716 feet. The total population is approximately 625.

The first settlers in Sunnyside were three brothers - John, Jeff, and William Tidwell, cattlemen from Wellington, who discovered coal in this vicinity about the year 1896. A short time later Robert Forrester came as a representative of the Utah Fuel Company, and purchased, for the sum of $250.00, the land now owned by the Coal Company. Mr. Forrester took a sample of the coal to Castle Gate, where coke ovens were in operation and found it proved highly satisfactory for coking purposes. In 1898 work in Sunnyside Mine No. 1, began which brought more settlers from Castle Valley and Wellington. Among them were Samuel Naylor and Samuel Dugmore. Mr. Mr. Naylor had charge of the laying of the railroad from Mounds to Sunnyside, which was completed November 19, 1899.

On November 20, 1899, Sunnyside product was cut off the east end of Wellington precinct and new school district created. A four room frame school building was erected and stood until 1905 when it was destroyed by fire. An eight room rock building was erected which burned in 1925, when the present junior high building was constructed.

The early settlers lived in tents until the company had houses built. The first dwellings were one and one-half stories high, made of lumber and compo-board. Later four room houses were built, and the last houses erected by the company were of rock construction.

The first settlers encountered many thrilling experiences with bears and lions, but their greatest problem seemed to be the water situation. Whitmore Creek, or Grassy Trail Creek, runs through Sunnyside, but owing to a disagreement it was necessary for the Utah Fuel Company to install a pump and pipeline to secure water for culinary purposes from Range Creek, a distance of approximately seven miles. This pump was installed in 1906 after the water right had been purchased from Preston Nutter. At that time a steam boiler was used to supply power for the pumps. The electric power line was later extended over to Range Creek and in 1920 the two large electric pumps were installed.

Sunnyside received its name from Verdi, Utah. In 1898 Verdi was called Sunnyside, but when this new camp opened up they transferred the name of Sunnyside to the new place and renamed old Sunnyside, Verdi.

For several years Sunnyside remained related very closely to Castle Gate. When Sunnyside mine was first opened, all coal was sent to Castle Gate coke ovens to be coked, until the year 1902 - 03 when 480 coke ovens were built at Sunnyside. The first shipment of coke from the Sunnyside ovens was made on April 1, 1902. In the year 1912 an additional 170 coke ovens were built; two years later saw the addition of 74 more ovens and in 1917, 80 more were completed. In 1905 all coke ovens at Castle Gate were abandoned and coke was made exclusively at Sunnyside until the year 1929.

The growth of Sunnyside was rapid due to the fine coking qualities of the coal. The population grew from 200 to 2700 in 1929. After that year it decreased until at the present time there are less than 500 people there. Today, what was once the largest camp in Carbon County is filled with empty, boarded up houses.

During the first years of operation the demand for the high grade Sunnyside coke was so great that shortly after the opening of the first mine a second mine was opened. During the peak of business the two mines were producing from 5,000 to 5,550 tons per day. During February, 1924, the demand for coke decreased, due to products other than coke being used of smelting purposes. As a result No. 2 mine was finally abandoned. The present coal output from No. 1, is 500 tons per day. Of the total number of 819 coke ovens at the camp, only six are in use at this time.

During the prosperous years the Utah Fuel Company had as high as 1,200 men on their payrolls. For many years Sunnyside had the distinction of working more days in the year than any other coal mine in the United States. It also had the reputation throughout the many years of activity of having fewer accidents for the number of men employed than any mine in the state. Sunnyside mines have never had an explosion of any consequence; however, ten years ago a disastrous fire occurred in Mine No. 2. Men were equipped with oxygen helmets and worked for months to extinguish the fire. For this dangerous work the helmet men were paid $15.00 a day and expenses. It is estimated that the conflagration cost of the company over $1,000,000.00.

Sunnyside was incorporated in 1916 with W. N. Netzel as Mayor; A. D. Hadley, J. M. Slapp, Samuel Dugmore, as trustees; J. C. Moore, town Clerk; E. V. Tucker, constable; Nils Nelson, Treasurer; W. J. Emigholz, Justice of Peace, and Dr. A. W. Dowd physician.

The present officials of the town are as follows: Horace Naylor, Mayor; John James, A. E. Hopkinson and James Peacock, counselors; and Fred Jones, Clerk.

At present there are many foreigners residing at Sunnyside, most of them having adopted American ways, however. There are a few who retain some of their quaint old county customs, such as wrapping the newborn babes in long strips of cloth for fear their bones will not grow straight. Many of the women folk were accustomed to depend upon their handiwork for their hosiery and other needs. Most of them have since fallen into the modern manner of procuring such articles at the stores.


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EAST CARBON, UTAH

June 18, 1957 - Dragerton Tribune (Volume 10 Number 24)

"In an essay contest conducted by the East Carbon Rotary Club for students in the tenth grade of the East Carbon Junior High School, Patricia Abeyta, 15 year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Abeyta, Dragerton, presented the winning paper. The paper was also sent to Rotary Clubs in 52 different countries"

If you are a person who has lived in large urban areas throughout your life, you can well remember the unforgettable experience of coming through Price Canyon into the rugged mountainous country of Carbon County. As you pass over the devious roads and look down the deep canyons, you catch a glimpse of the main industry of the eastern part of the county. You see a modern diesel pulling a long load of coal. You wonder what the history is behind the tons of coal which are loaded into the coal cars. You wonder how the tons of coal could ever be moved from a mountain and who the people would be that would take on such s seemingly unpleasant task. You wonder what part of the country they originally came from and what other resources and jobs would be in the community. You wonder about the education, culture, religion and the type of people as a whole. If you are fortunate to run across a pioneer of East Carbon who is a well versed person on the history of the coal mining industry in East Carbon, he would tell you that the history of this part of the county dates back to 1897 when a small group of pioneers opened a coal mine in an area which was later to be known as Sunnyside.

The first settlers in the Whitmore Canyon, later called Sunnyside, were John and Jefferson Tidwell and their four sons and their families. The Tidwells pitched tents in 1897. During the summer of that year Frank and Hyrum Tidwell built a two-room log cabin. Each family took one room of the cabin and spent two years living there. Then in 1899, the coal company built twenty houses. The railroad was completed in that same year.

Below the town there was a saloon which was operated in a tent, called the "White Elephant". There were more saloons below the town, as well as stores. One of the stores was operated by Louis Oliveto. He delivered merchandise with a horse and wagon for three and one-half years for the Sunnyside Mercantile Company. He often had to plow through seven feet of snow.

Farmers from Wellington, Woodside, Cleveland, Huntington, and Castle Gate peddled their produce into Sunnyside. Teams and wagons hauled in the farmers' vegetable, butter, chickens, etc.

Sunnyside was named by the officials of the railroad and the Utah Fuel Company. There was a station called Sunnyside. It was on the main line of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad twenty miles east of Price. The officials decided that Sunnyside would be a good name for the new coal mine, so they changed the former Sunnyside to "Verdi", and the new coal mine was called Sunnyside.

The Sunnyside mines were opened in the Whitmore Canyon on Grassy Trail Creek. Prior to the opening of the mines there was a ranch in the region. It was owned and farmed by George C. Whitmore who had owned most of the water of Grassy Trail Creek and was making use of it on his ranch.

Seven miles below the Whitmore ranch was the Big Spring Ranch, owned and operated by L. A. Scott-Elliot, a sheepman. Elliot filed on part of the waters of the waters of Grassy Trail Creek and all of the surplus water. There was even a lawsuit pending over the division of this water, between Whitmore and Elliot when the coal mines were being opened in 1899. Officials of the coal company made a proposition with Whitmore for the ranch and water rights, but Whitmore refused and made a counter proposition, wanting $90,000 for his ranch and water rights. The company refused this. So Whitmore ran a pipeline from a spring up in the canyon, putting most of the water in his pipeline.

The coal company needed water for use in the mine, so they dug a well near the creek bed; this was rocked up and it supplied considerable water. Later, when the first left entries in No. 1 mine passed under the canyon, a good amount of water was developed in these entries, and this water, together with the water from the well, was pumped into a 20,000 gallon tank located on the hillside above the mouth of the mine.

Electric power was produced by the fuel company as the Utah Power and Light Company had not yet been built in Carbon County, and it took a lot of water for the boilers; however, they managed to get along until 1906, when a water line was built to Range Creek, a distance of about seven miles, and water was pumped from there to supply all the requirements at the mine and camp.

In the region between Dugout Canyon and Horse Canyon (Sunnyside District) there are two coal veins called Upper and Lower Sunnyside; both of them have more fixed carbon and less volatile than the other veins throughout the region. This coal cakes during the burning process, making a better grade of coke. These characteristics were the main reason for there being a mine at Sunnyside.

At the beginning of World War II, it was decided by the War Department to produce more steel. Henry J. Kaiser was called upon to help because he was known to be one of the country's most progressive industrialists.

Iron deposits were known to be in southern California near Fontana, but California has no coking coal so the coal which is essential for making pig iron and steel must come from Utah.

The Sunnyside No. 2 mine was worked by the Utah Fuel Company until 1921, when a disasterous fire occurred. After the fire was extinguished the mine was closed because of market conditions.

With the coming of the war, these conditions changed. Mr. Kaiser, after securing a lease on No. 2 mine, proceeded to put the mine in condition to produce coal and in this connection a pig iron and steel plant was constructed at Fontana, California.

Five hundred beehive ovens were built at this time in the vicinity of Columbia by the War Department for more coke and pig iron capacity. A blast furnace for making pig iron was moved from Illinois to Ironton, but the war was almost over before the furnace was ready for use. Because of this, the beehive ovens and the blast furnace were only operated for a short time. The War Assets Administration offered the coke ovens and blast furnace for sale to the highest bidder. They were purchased by the Kaiser interest. The building of the 500 coke-ovens and the bringing of the blast furnace from Illinois to Utah would have never been undertaken had it not been for the war.

The townsite of Columbia is also a coal mining community and is one of the three communities which make up East Carbon.

In 1923 the Columbia Steel Company started the Columbia Mines. The Columbia Mine was opened for the purpose of supplying coking coal to the company's by-product coking plant and blast furnace located at Ironton near Provo, Utah.

Construction of the camp was started in 1922. A year later Thomas C. Harvey took charge as superintendent of operations. Some of the old timers who were the first men to work at the Columbia Mine are still there. The Columbia Mine continued to operate under the Columbia Steel Company until 1948; then it went under the Geneva Steel Company. The reason for this was to consolidate the Utah resources. Mr. F. V. Hicks was apoointed superintendent of Coal Mines of the Geneva Steel Company. For the last thirty years the management has dreamed of driving a tunnel from the tipple of the mine through the mountain to the coal seam. The dream will be realized this year.

The Columbia Mine has great resources which should insure its continued operation for many years to come.

The community has been greatly improved since construction first started. Lawns, trees, and flowers have been planted. With the residents of Columbia taking pride in their homes, it's easy for the town to look prosperous and clean.

The town of Dragerton was started in the fall of 1942 when the W. E. Ryberg-Strong and Grant Company received a contract from the Defense Plant Corporation to construct it. The purpose for this new town was to house the coal miners employed at the new Geneva Mine that was to furnish coal for the Geneva Steel plant located at Provo, Utah. The Geneva Mine was started by the Allen and Garcia Company in 1942.

The Geneva Mine is located about ten miles south east of its townsite. In fact, part of the mine itself is in Emery County.

The Geneva Mine is the largest producing coal mine west of the Mississippi, and its coal is produced mostly to make coke for steel production at the Geneva Steel Plant. The best and safest methods are employed at this ultra-modern mine. All safety regulations and suggestions are followed carefully, and inspections are made regularly.

Dragerton got its name from a man named Drager, who was one of the principal engineers of the project concerning the construction of Dragerton.

The first houses in Dragerton were completed in 1943, and the people immediately started moving in. The town is divided into 5 sections, known as A, B, C, D, and E; the people in this community are from all parts of the United States and are predominately white.

All construction in the town was completed early in 1944. The town was operated by the Defense Plant Corporation from the time of construction until it was later sold as surplus property. Early in the spring of 1946, 121 of the homes were declared surplus by the War Assets Administration and were sold to veterans of World War II. Nearly all the homes were moved from the area to various communities in Utah and some outside the state.

On April 1, 1946, the entire community was declared surplus by the War Assets Administration and was sold to the United States Steel Corporation, who also purchased at this sale the Geneva Mine. They also purchased the Geneva Steel Plant previously mentioned. At this time the United States Steel Corporation appointed the firm of John W. Galbreath and Company, realtors from Columbus, Ohio, to manage the town property, as their agents.

Under the ownership of the United States Steel Corporation a great improvement was made. The streets were paved, sidewalks installed, electric stoves and water heaters, and oil furnaces were placed in each house. This was a radical change for any coal mining town, and there was a bitter controversy over the miners not using the productss which supplies their livlihood. This was really an economical advantage to the residents since coal produced in this area is coking coal and not suitable for domestic use.

All the houses were repainted. An improvement program was initiated for lawns, trees, and flowers. In September of 1948 the Geneva Steel Company sold the entire townsite to the John W. Galbreath and Company. This sale was made with the purpose that Galbreath would in turn sell the homes to individuals.

The sewage disposal plant in Dragerton is a modern and efficient plant and serves the entire community.

As stated before, water is obtained from the Grassy Trail Creek in the Canyon 10 miles north of the townsite, Dragerton. A dam was completed through the cooperation of the town, the United States Steel Corporation and Kaiser Steel. This dam was built to overcome our continual shortage of water during the summer months. The water is piped directly from the dam to the twenty million gallon storage reservoir. This area uses more water per capita than any other town or city in the state. Since there is little rainfall during the summer, a tremendous amount of water is used, and in the past, the water has been rationed for gardening purpose.

We have discussed the many material resources of the East Carbon area. There are many other resources which we consider very important. The early residents of the East Carbon area at an early date established a school at Sunnyside with three teachers Mr. Joseph R. Dorrus, principal, Miss Elizabeth Anderson, and Miss Maggie Reynolds, assistants. Mrs. Amanda Roberts was one of the early teachers at Columbia. The first school at Columbia was held in a large tent with a total enrollment of 49 pupils. In 1925 a six-room brick building was constructed.

Both Columbia and Sunnyside pupils are required to attend East Carbon Junior High School in Dragerton when they reach the seventh grade. The East Carbon School holds classes from the first grade through the tenth grrde. After this, pupils from all three communities travel by bus each day to the Carbon High School and College in Price, Utah, which is located 23 miles away.

This year the residents of the East Carbon area voted school bonds to erect a new high school building to accommodate the young people who will attend high school. The building will be built to accommodate the last three years of high school.

The social and cultural needs of East Carbon are fulfilled by several clubs and organizations. One of the prominent clubs is the Rotary Club, which has sponsored many activates for the betterment of the communities. Another of the outstanding clubs is the Kiwanis club which has done things for public improvement. The Business and Professional Womens' Club, the Cultura Club, and the Book Cliff Club are all popular clubs in the town of East Carbon.

The spiritual needs of East Carbon are supplied by a number of churches. They are Catholic, Mormon, Baptist, Episcopal, Assembly of God, and Community.

The East Carbon area is unique in several ways. The people in East Carbon are very friendly. This is probably due to the fact that every one in East Carbon is in some way connected with coal mining. Travelers and visitors coming into these communities are surprized that a mining area can be so clean, modern, and attractive and that the people are so well-dressed and groomed.

As residents of East Carbon, we are happy and satisfied to have our homes here.


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Dragerton

The following newspaper article was donated by Alan Drager. He is the great grandson of Walter Louis Drager the man whom the town of Dragerton was named for. We don't know which newspaper the article was in but it was found in the possessions of Walter L. Drager. Be sure to visit the Dragerton photo page to see photos taken at the time the town was built.

Contractors Build City To Order for Coal, Coke Workers
By Aaron E. Jones - 24 Feb 1943

PRICE - To build a city of 5000 inhabitants usually requires several generations, but W. E. Ryberg company Strong & Grant, contractors, are building a modern city for 5700 prospective inhabitants, and they will have it all done in less than a year's time. In doing this, the contractors will have employed an average of 350 men and a peak labor force of 600, in addition to many large machine tractors, bulldozers and power shovels, according to Joseph W. Grant, representing the construction force.

These two Utah construction companies are building the city of Drager, situated at the junction of the Sunnyside-Columbia highway, for the men who will operate the coke ovens near Columbia and work in the Geneva mine at Horse canyon, some 10 miles away.

Four hundred and fifty homes are being constructed at this time, but utilities, such as water, sewerage system, community centers and recreation parks, are being made to care for 350 more homes if they ever become necessary.

Built to Last

The city is being built, as are the coke ovens, and railways, roads and development of the new coal mine, by the United States Defense plant corporation, and they are being built for permanency.

The cost of the city of Drager, named in honor of the chief engineer of the defense plant corporation, was limited to $3,400,000, but this amount will be exceeded when all community settlement buildings have been added.

The city lay-out and the quality of homes and the type of utilities being constructed have the appearance of permanency, and it seems certain that so long as the Geneva Steel plant operates there will be a city of Drager. The coal supply in the area is almost limitless.

Large steel pipelines for a water system have been laid throughout the city and these lead from a cement storage tank capable of holding a half million gallons of water. Up-to-the minute equipment is being used for purification and chloriantion of the water supply for the city.

Two Miles Long

The sewerage system, already completed except for the disposal plants, has been extended and connections provided for every house in the future city that will reach two miles from east to west and a half mile wide.

The houses already constructed, probably 60 in number, and the plans for all to be built, are substantial and commodious. While they are prefabricated by the American Houses company plants at Logan, Utah, they are far more than a mere shell when completed.

Mr. Grant states that within a week's time they will be turning out completed houses at the rate of one for every working hour, or 48 houses a week. Each house is supported on redwood posts, set in cement to last for ages. The floor joists are of heavy timber, the subfloor of large sheets of plywood, and the flooring will be pretreated 3/4-inch hardwood. The hardwood floors are a necessity, as fir cannot be purchased at this time. In addition to the subfloor the hardwood, the houses will be completely insulated - floors, walls and ceilings - with a good quality insulating material.

Walls in Sections

The walls come in sections, with doors already hung and windows in place. The studding is covered with plyboard, as are the roofs, and all can be placed up in a few hours. Over the plywood walls is placed board siding, so that in appearance they will resemble most new lumber homes. Asphalt strip shingles of various colors will be used for roofing.

The inside wall is made of 1/2 inch sheets of sheet rock, painted and decorated.

Several different house patterns are being used and these are being alternated and placed with different frontages at varying distances from the street, in an effort to avoid the monotony of long sections of identical houses. Different color schemes will be used in the painting of the homes, and no one should be excused for mistaking some other home as his own.

Roads and alleys are so arranged that each house will face a street and have an alley at the rear for parking a car or for deliveries. Garages for cars are not yet in the plans, except for a few homes.

Modern Equipment

Every home will be equipped with a coal burning range and with refrigeration, but the residents will supply their own furniture. It is expected that a circulating air heater will be used in all homes, except for a few for administrative families which will have basements and furnaces.

The roads will be turnpiked and graveled and shaped for gutters. The sidewalks will be six or eight inches higher than the streets and the house lots will be slightly higher than the walks. At present all sidewalks will be graveled.

Officials are now in Washington, D. C., to determine what community facilities will be built. Original plans called for a community center, where stores, barber shops, theaters, recreation center, schools from kindergarten through high school, churches, city hall, fire station and hospital would be built; but it is likely that not all, especially churches, will be built at this time. Where these facilities are added, they will be planned and placed for beauty and utility. Present construction administrative buildings and warehouses for building supplies will be converted into dormitories, garages and further uses.

Supervisors on Job

Constantly on the job, supervising the building of the new city, are Joseph W. Grant, representing the contractors, and Dwight L. Freeman, representing the defense plant corporation. Architectural planning and designing of the city have been done by Holden McLaughlin & Associates, in connection with Edward O. Anderson of Salt Lake City. Charles H. Ullrich of Salt Lake City has been consulting engineer on the sewerage system and waterworks.

Drager has an elevation ranging from 6300 to 6500 feet and when it is landscaped and the trees attain size and beauty it should be a pleasant place in which to live. No hot, sultry nights are expereienced there and the winters in Carbon county are seldom severe.

It is too early to know how the city will be governed or what part, if any, the people may take in its administration. For the time being, it probably will be managed by someone appointed by the defense plant corporation. After the war the city may be sold to the Columbia Steel company, a subsidiary of the U.S. Steel company, but this is not likely during the war.



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The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Wattis

Wattis is located in a cove in the mountains in the southeasterly part of Carbon County about twenty miles from Price. High mountains extend on the north, west and south of the camp while the east opening permits an excellent view of the valley below. The elevation of Wattis is approximately 7,500 feet. The population varies according to the demand for labor but at the present time it is 249.

In 1916, the Wattis brothers and Mr. Browning of Ogden, bought 160 acres of coal land from the United States and in 1916 began operating a mine. Shipment of coal began in the autumn of 1917 when the railroad to the camp was completed.

Early in the spring of 1918, the permanent camp was built where it is today and called Wattis, for the Wattis brothers of Ogden. The organization was named the Wattis Fuel Company, for the president, W. H. Wattis. In 1919 this property merged with the Lion Coal Company.

The company built all the homes, bunk houses, Japanese camp, and expanded much money on improvements. The main office is in Ogden where the General Manager has his headquarters. He directs all the company's mines in Utah and Wyoming with superintendents in charge of each mine and camp. There is also a mine foreman, who runs the mine, an outside foreman who operates the tipple, a master mechanic, who superintends the machinery, a company doctor, store manager, mine clerk, night watchman, and at least 150 men who spend their time mining coal.

The mine at Wattis is located on the side of the western mountains to which the men are taken in tram cars to their daily work. They represent various nationalities - Italian, Greek, Japanese, Scotch, German, and American. Due to the uncertainly of work, the larger percent of the inhabitants are transient.

Source of information - Mrs. A. M. Dwight and Cortland T. Krams


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The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Wellington

Wellington, one of the few farming communities of Carbon County, is situated on the Price River six miles southeast of Price. It is conveniently located on the Pike's Peak Ocean to Ocean Highway and on the main line of the D. & R. G. W. Railroad.

During the autumn of 1879, Jefferson Tidwell, and his son William Tidwell, and William Averett (Everette) of Mt. Pleasant arrived in Castle Dale by way of Cottonwood Creek. Here they met Orange Seeley, who advised them to go to White River (now Price River) and explore that section of the country. Upon their arrival at Price River, they met James Bean of Provo, who endeavored to discourage them by saying that the river was dry part of the time, that frost came early and that the wind blew severely. However, they explored until their supplies were exhausted. The first permanent settlers came to Wellington in 1882, among them were William Barney, Arthur Barney, Thomas Zundel, Robert Snyder, Montis Reids, two families of Fausetts, Brigham Grundvig, and his son, Severne Grundvig. The mother of the boy was stolen by the Indians during the long journey across the plains.

These people, with the spirit of adventure, which is pronounced in most pioneers, came to this region desirous of building homes where land was cheap and feed was ample for their livestock. The first homes were built along the river but gradually the boundaries of the settlement extended as irrigation projects were initiated and more land was made available for use. Canals were built and finally the land on both sides of the river for many miles was placed under cultivation. Wellington now receives its water for irrigation purposes from the conservation water project connected with the Scofield Dam. For details of the project, see article on Irrigation Projects. Drinking water at first was hauled in from a distance of ten to fifteen miles, filtered and stored in barrels, but in recent years it has been piped from the spring at Colton which also supplies Price with water for culinary purposes.

In the early days there were many animals such as the bear, cougar, wild cat, wolf and coyote which preyed upon the cattle, sheep and horses, making it necessary for settlers to guard their livestock. At night the howling wolves from the hilltops would give signal of approaching danger and the guards were often awakened from sleep to protect their cattle. These sturdy pioneers faced blizzards, deep snows, and starvation, but nevertheless in spite of all this, they struggled on until the future for the place was assured.

The settlement was named for Wellington Seeley, an uncle to the Tidwell boys who live in Wellington at the present time. In 1885 an L.D.S. ward was organized.

The growth of Wellington is due to increased supply of water which has made it possible to farm greater areas. The increased number of mining towns in the vicinity provide the farmers with a ready market for their produce. The population of Wellington is now 546.

Immediately after settling here, the necessity of educational advantages was considered and school was held in a stockade on the southside of the river on the Thomas Zundel farm with William D. Tidwell as instructor. During the summer of 1889 the stockade burned but school continued, although it was necessary to convene in W. A. Thayn's orchard, northwest of the present school building, and in a log cabin on Robert Snyder's property. This cabin now belongs to the Daughters of the Pioneers and has been moved to the L.D.S. church grounds.

The process of education of the younger generation seemed somewhat of a migratory nature. After one year's session in the new ward house, one room was built for school purposes only, and in 1895 two more rooms were added. This structure, which stood across the street south of the ward house, was dispensed with in 1911 when an eight room building was erected on a hill overlooking the town. In August 1929, this building was partially burned and could not be used. The school again took refuge in the L.D.S. church for one year and half until the completion of the present modern building in December 1930. Nearly all of the present inhabitants of Wellington are descendants of the northern European peoples.

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The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Dempsey

This town is the same location as Coal City.

Small place named after Jack Dempsey, who later became a great fighter.

The following information about Storrs was copied from the autobiography of George A. Storrs. If you have any questions or comments concerning it please contact Jan Storrs.

...When I got to the depot I found that Jack Dempsey and Jack Kearns were going through to the east on the same train. I saw Jack and explained to him fully the situation and he was very much interested but he said that Jack Kearns was his manager and he could not take on any contracts where money was involved unless it was entirely satisfactory with Jack Kearns. He said when he got home to Salt Lake he would have his brother go with me over the property and if he found it as I had represented it , he would have his brother wire him and Kearns at New York City, then if it was satisfactory with Kearns they would wire me to come east to make the contract. I went over the property with Bernard Dempsey, Jack's brother. When we got to Helper, Bernard was very much enthused and did not wait until getting to Salt Lake but sent the wire from Helper, which is in substance as follows: "Storrs Proposition bigger and better than represented. Would advise you to call Storrs east and make contract to finance the property as he has outline". When I got to Salt Lake I received a wire from Jack Dempsey to come east at once and bring all papers pertaining to our titles. This I did, together with letters from the securities commission. I arrived in New York and met Jack Dempsey, Jack Kearns and Harry Pollick. We went over the whole proposition again and the next day their attorney drew up a contract which was in effect that they were to undertake to finance the property, we were to turn over to them a half interest of all we owned. They would form a sales company, open up a Salt Lake office and sell the stock to be set aside for that purpose. They represented to me that in less than 30 days, through Jack Dempsey's influence among his wealthy friends, they would have all the money they needed. We were to have a board of directors of seven members of which they were to have four. Jack was to be President of the company, and Kearns was to be Secretary and Treasurer. They came to Salt Lake, having the contract all signed. They opened the office in a very extravagant way and started to sell stock.

Jack called his friends by telephone from the Atlantic to the Pacific to tell them about this great property. It was even flashed on the boats in the Pacific by radio: "Jack Dempsey buys Great Western Coal Mine". There was a great "Hurrah" made and a lot of bluster. Jack moved his training camp to the Great Western Property and sent for his New York trainer and became very much enthused and interested himself.

The money didn't come in from Jacks friends that they had anticipated, and about the time of the "Gibbons - Dempsey" fight in Montana, or two months previous to that a message came to Jack to come to Montana and to bring his trainer at once. After that, notwithstanding the fact that they had absolute control, they paid no attention to this proposition. Again we were left to hold the sack. This caused a delay of about eight months when we decided to try to get free from the Dempsey - Kearns outfit. Through our attorney, Mr. Jake Evans, we called an executive session but did not have enough of our crowd to do this and reorganized the company.



The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Farnham

Named for an early surveyor in the region, whose name is undertermined. Settled in 1887.

Nolan

Origin of name is undetermined. This settlement, a section sub-division is located five or six miles from Castle Gate. Settled in 1883.


The following story was written in 1930 by the Teachers, Pupils and Patrons of the Carbon District. Please, read the foreword about this project. If anyone knows the names of the writers of these stories please notify Kathy Hamaker so credit can be given to those that deserve the credit.


Storrs

Named for George Storrs a prominent mining man. Settled in 1911 or earlier. It was located near Spring Canyon. The town of Standardville is an outgrowth of this mining camp.


The following information about Storrs was copied from the autobiography of George A. Storrs. If you have any questions or comments concerning it please contact Jan Storrs.

The next spring, 1912, I was riding between Salt Lake and Provo on the train with Uncle Jesse Knight and he told me he had about three quarters of a million dollars in the bank and he was wondering how he could use it to do the people the most good, and he says, "I have some coal property out near Helper, in Carbon County, and I think you had better go out there tomorrow and find the land; get a description from bookkeeper and go out and look it over and tell me what you think of it." I went to Helper the next day and was informed by an abstractor that this land belonging to Mr. Knight was in what was called "Spring Canyon". I took an old Pennsylvania Coal Miner with me and located the land. While I was looking for corners of the land I noticed some coal showing from the roots of the grass, and in less than an hour and half we had opened a seven foot vein of coal. I took some samples of the coal back to Provo the next day. Mr. Knight asked me what it would cost to build a railroad up to this property, and I told him I thought it would cost approximately $150,000. He asked me what I thought it would cost to build a tipple and open the mine. I told him it would cost over half a million dollars. This conversation was on the 13th of May, 1912. He asked me if I thought I could do all that and be shipping coal by the first of the year. I told him I thought I could. Arrangements were made to proceed with this construction. I first started an engineering corps and had the preliminary survey run, engaged contractors and started to build the railroad. In the meantime I ordered a tipple and five Marine Type boilers of 150 pound pressure each, with which to generate our power, and that year we built approximately five miles of railroad, installed the boilers, and constructed a tipple and built a tramway over half a mile long, laid a pipe line, constructed a large reservoir, built sixty-three rock houses, a hotel, store and a hospital and had acquired more lands. In all I had expended $675,000. On the 13th of February, 1913, which was nine months from the time of beginning, we were shipping coal. Now, in that canyon where there was only a trail at that time, are eight coal mine camps, shipping about forty percent of the coal mined in the state of Utah. After the town was built, I came to Provo and called Mr. Knight by telephone and told him we must have a name for the town and suggested that we call it "Woodroe". He says, "What did Woodroe have to do with it", that I was the man that built the town and it would be named "Storrs". That is the name of the town today, and is one of the best coal mining camps in the state. Mr. Knight had requested when I started this work that we build homes for the miners and set an example for the coal camps in this state; have hot and cold water and made modern. These houses are four room cottages, set up modern and built of the best material obtainable. They have a tin roof type of shingle and are made fire proof. I was general manager of this coal company for about five years and never had a strike, or any labor trouble.

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